Month: November 2020

Advantage Of Peace Agreement In Mindanao

Power momentum between the Ampatans and Mangudadatus was postponed again in December 2019 after a court found eight Ampatans, including five high-ranking members, guilty of murder in the Maguindanao massacre. [fn] DOCUMENT: Full decision on the Ampatuan massacre, Rappler.com, December 19, 2019. Two other ampatans were acquitted. Hide Footnote On 24 December, gunmen attacked a witness from the deputy mayor of Ampatuan who was ambushed for the prosecution. [fn]”Shariff Aguak Deputy Mayor Ampatuan, companions attacked on the Maguindanao highway, GMA Network, December 24, 2019. Two of his companions are dead. No suspects were found. Hide Footnote He survived the attack, but tensions are likely to persist in the central cities of Mindanao such as Shariff Aguak and its surroundings, known as Ampatuan strongholds. While the Islamist militia is probably the main challenge of peace and order in Maguindanao, the clan conflict will not be soothing. The Comprehensive Agreement on Bangsamoro (CAB) is a final peace agreement signed between the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front on March 27, 2014 at The Malaca-ang Palace in Manila.

[1] As part of the agreement, Islamic separatists would hand over their firearms to a third party chosen by the rebels and the Philippine government. MilF has agreed to decommission its armed wing, the Islamic Armed Forces of Bangsamoro (BIAF). In exchange, the government would establish an autonomous Bangsamoro. Power-sharing has been a central point for the overhaul of autonomy. They say peace is your own salary. Nevertheless, I suppose there is nothing wrong with thinking beyond peace. So if we conclude a progress agreement between the government and the Moro Front for Islamic Liberation (MILF), I could count at least three strategic benefits that we could achieve from this achievement. It has been demonstrated time and time again that the space created through successful peace processes generates positive benefits for the countries concerned. This has led the United Nations to establish the Peacebuilding Commission to seize the opportunities that the international community can seize to help post-conflict societies consolidate profits and prevent conflicts from happening again. According to the United Nations, nine of the world`s ten poorest countries are in conflict or conflict over the past 20 years. There is certainly a link between peace and development.

How will the activities of civil society, some of which are framed by liberal-democratic norms and values, fit into the Islamic agenda of some leaders and supporters of the? Past experiences of inefficient development projects led by the government and their appropriation by clientelistic networks have made grassroots activists sensitive to corruption and the politicization of aid and the risk of co-optation by powerful interests. Moro community activists are often skeptical of (especially secular) foreign aid organizations and skeptical of the international community`s ability to understand and respond effectively to local needs in the peace process – although some outside actors have worked hard to gain local trust. The Philippine government is experimenting with a creative but risky strategy to bring peace to Mindanao. It has three objectives: to demonstrate that good governance in the Muslim Mindanao Autonomous Region (ARMM) is possible through a two-year reform programme; two uprisings separating the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) and the much larger-armed Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF); and hammering the territory and forces of a future Moro “sub-state” into peace talks with the MILF.

Acsa Military Agreement

AN ACSA is a bilaterally negotiated agreement with U.S. allies or coalition partners that allows U.S. forces to share the most common types of assistance, including food, fuel, transportation, ammunition and equipment. The power to negotiate these agreements is generally delegated by the Minister of Defence to the captain. The power to implement these agreements rests with the Minister of Defence and may or may not be delegated. These arrangements are used to address logistical failures that cannot be properly corrected at the national level, in accordance with legal provisions applicable to events, peacekeeping operations, unforeseen emergencies or emergency exercises. The assistance received or granted is reimbursed under the terms of the acquisition and cross-service contract. Cross-service agreements with authorized countries and international organizations provide for the reciprocal availability of LSSS with the country`s armed forces or with the international organization. The Minister of Defence must consult with the Secretary of State and assault the Armed Services and Foreign Relations Committees of the U.S. Senate and the U.S.

House of Representatives Armed Services and International Relations Committees 30 days in advance before designating non-NATO countries as having the authority to enter into cross-service agreements. The Acquisition and Cross Service Agreement (ACSA) is the fundamental framework for military logistics cooperation. This important international agreement provides for the exchange of logistics, supplies and services on a repayable basis. It focuses on logistical support. The agreement does not commit a country to military action. DOD components may use purely professional purchasing power to acquire logistical support, supplies and services (LSSS) from a country, not a NATO member, if it meets one or more of the following criteria: (1) Does it have a defence alliance with the United States. (2) Authorizes the deployment of members of the U.S. military or the home portage of U.S. Navy ships in such a country. (3) Has agreed to preposition American equipment in such a country. (4) Serves the host country of the U.S.

military during exercises or authorizes other U.S. military operations in such a country.

A Tenancy Agreement From A Local Council Or Housing Association

If the City Council has decided not to renew your lease, it must send you a letter of “non-renewal” before the expiry of your tenancy agreement and clarify the following rules: If you reside in a consulting or apartment or other form of social housing, you probably have a secure or secure lease. This will not be the case if you live in temporary homeless housing, a housing co-op, a residential or nursing home, subsidized housing or shared real estate. You can sign your lease to anyone who has the right to succeed if you die. The legal process is called attribution. In England and Wales, most tenants are not entitled to a written lease. However, social housing tenants, such as municipalities and housing companies, generally receive a written tenancy agreement. If you are visually impaired, the rental agreement must be written in a format that you can use, for example in large print or braille. Learn more about how you ask your landlord to make changes to help solve your disability. There are limits to what can be done with an introductory rent, for example: if you are a tenant, the lease is automatically transferred to the other tenant if one of you dies.

You can have a variety of rental and rental contracts depending on the exact situation in which you became a tenant. As a result, tenants can benefit from one month`s notice period to end their periodic rent or ask the landlord for permission to terminate a fixed-term tenancy agreement and withdraw it prematurely. Flexible rental contracts are granted to citizens who are admitted to a consulting house, but not as safe tenants. Flexible tenants have the same rights, but their tenancy period is generally set at five years, or if extraordinary factors require it – a shorter time frame. The Council must bring you to justice. If the Council has followed the proper procedure to evict an introductory tenant, it is likely that the court will order you to leave. The tenancy agreement is passed on to a spouse, partner or partner who was not a tenant himself if the property was also their home at the time of the tenant`s death. This may also be subject to other conditions. Some insured tenants may also have the right to purchase (buy) their property from the landlord at a discount. This right to meet other criteria. Some housing companies are not eligible for these rights.

For more information, please visit the Right to Buy website. However, in order to be evacuated, the Council must follow the appropriate procedure and provide you with a one-month written notification. The communication must indicate that the Council will expel you and indicate the reasons for it. It must also include a line that allows you to request a review of that decision and defend your case. You will find a complete breakdown of your rights and obligations with the Shorthold Insurance lease in our special guide – Tenancy Contracts and Shorthold Tenancy Insurance (AST). If only one of you wants to terminate the lease and the other tenant wants to stay in the property, your advice: Excluded leases have a fixed and periodic term, although the fixed term is often symbolic. However, if you have a fixed term, you have relative protection against evictions and rent increases. Learn more about how a landlord can finish your rent if you live in social housing It is a crime to rent your entire house to someone else if you are a council tenant. You need a written lease that notes the basic conditions and condition of your lease with the city council. The City Council cannot change the basic terms of your lease without first obtaining a written agreement from you, although it can increase the rent if it follows the correct procedure.

340B Pharmacy Services Agreement

Contract pharmacies must register for the 340B program and be listed on 340B OPAIS before spending 340B drugs on behalf of an insured company. Insured companies are responsible for ensuring that all requirements of the 340B program are met. Contract pharmacies must develop Medicaid (i.e. no 340B drugs for Medicaid patients), unless the company concerned has reached an agreement with the state-run Medicaid agency to avoid double discounts. The covered company must notify HRSA of these agreements. The checklist of the carve-in requirement of the covered entity contains information on the determination of the carve-in authorization. Carve-in Contractual Pharmacies Requests must be made to OPAexclusion@hrsa.gov. The answer to all elements of the checklist makes it easy to record smoothly. Carve-in applications will be reviewed by HRSA and, upon approval and on 340B OPAIS, will be listed as a carve-in, the company may begin setting up pharmacies early in the following quarter. Please contact the 340B Prime Vendor Program (PVP) for more information on contract pharmacies.

If contract pharmacies are not properly listed in 340B OPAIS, this may result in pharmacies withdrawing from the 340B program. HRSA reserves the right to request clarification documents at any time or verify compliance. Companies covered by 340B can choose to distribute 340 B drugs to patients through contract pharmacy services, an agreement by which the company covered by 340B signs a written contract with a pharmacy for the provision of pharmacy services. The use of an individual contract pharmacy or several contract pharmacies is optional and a company concerned should first determine its pharmacy needs and the appropriate distribution mechanism for these services when deciding whether or not to use a contracted pharmacy. The written contract should identify all pharmaceutical sites and covered company sites that will use the 340B drugs. HRSA recommends that the written agreement contain all essential elements of the contract pharmacy guidelines (75 Fed. Reg. 10272 (March 5, 2010).

340B Prime Vendor Program – The 340B Prime Vendor Program (PVP) is managed by Apexus through a contract with HRSA. Apexus is responsible for securing sub-ceilings for outpatient drug purchases and rebates on other pharmacy-related products and services for participating public hospitals, municipal health centres and other safety care providers. Covered companies can enter into agreements either through multiple contracts with individual pharmacies or through a single contract with a chain pharmacy that identifies specific pharmacy sites that support the insured unit`s 340B program. Based on the regulatory and regulatory requirements necessary to minimize fraud and abuse under the program, contract pharmacies can be compensated at a higher dosage rate in order to meet these standards and provide care in need. Today, approximately 17,000 health facilities are eligible for the 340B program, which allows them to increase resources, reach more eligible patients and provide more comprehensive services.