Japan`s main competition in the region is China, both of which have polar views on how Southeast Asia`s economy should develop. [Citation required] Before the TPP, Japan sought supremacy by creating the Asian Monetary Fund (MFA), which the United States blocked. Until 2011, Japan reached a cooperation agreement with China and Korea, known as the PRC-Japan-Republic of Korea Free Trade Agreement, also known as the CJK Free Trade Agreement, which did not include Japan`s intention to use the People`s Republic of China map to relocate TPP negotiations off Japan`s agenda with U.S. support.  Ratification in Japan required political reforms that shifted some authority from the Ministry of Agriculture to the Prime Minister.  On 9 December 2016, a decision on participation was taken in the House of Representatives and the closure of national ratification procedures at the treaty`s custodian (New Zealand) was the first country to be ratified on 20 January 2017.  ECIPE stated in 2014 that the TPP would be “the first “competitor” of economic integration large enough to have a significant negative impact on Europe. In the long term, the negative effects of investment, productivity and competitiveness will result from dynamic effects such as. B investment, productivity and competitiveness.  Pascal Lamy called the TPP “the last of the great old-style trade agreements.” :2 The refuelling of Russian airlines in Thailand is carried out as part of the agreement signed in 2012 between Gazpromneft-Aero and PTT on the supply of aviation fuel. The agreement provides for the supply of fuel to Russian customers of Gazpromneft-Aero at Thai airports. Over the past four years, Gazpromneft-Aero`s customers have been refuelled via PTT for a total of 60,000 tonnes. According to a report by the Office of the Chief Economist at Global Affairs Canada, ratification of the TPP would increase Canada`s GDP by $4.3 billion by 2040.
  This situation is mainly due to preferential access to markets in the Asia-Pacific region.   According to the report, ratification by the other signatories to the TPP, but Canada`s failure to ratify the agreement, would lead Canada to face GDP losses estimated at $5.3 billion by 2040.   In addition, the agreement provides for expedited customs procedures for express shipments and prohibits the application of tariffs on electronic shipments. In addition, it requires additional data protection, security and consumer protection measures for online transactions and encourages the publication of customs forms online. These provisions should be particularly useful for small businesses.  Robert Z.