Riyadh Agreement 2019 Upsc
(Beirut) – A new agreement between the Yemeni government and security forces of the Southern Transitional Council (STC) in Yemen does not address serious human rights issues, Human Rights Watch said today. In the months leading up to the signing of the agreement in Riyadh on 5 November 2019, STC forces arbitrarily arrested at least 40 people, including a child, in the southern governorate of Aden and forcibly disappeared. At least 15 of these people were released in September, after 2 weeks or more of detention. The agreement was signed after Saudi Arabia opened negotiations on August 11, 2019, after STC Hadi drove loyalists out of Aden and other southern regions. This section presents the main points of the agreement.1 1 “Text of the Riyadh Agreement” between the Yemeni government and the STC “document”, Anadolu Agency, 05/11/2019 (called on 08/11/2019 in bit.ly/2CiQPnW). 2 “Jeddah Agreement Delayed: Government Frustrates UAE Amendments And Security Arrangements Ongoing In Aden”, Alaraby Aljadeed, 20/10/2019 (called on 20/10/2019 at bit.ly/2WOWECU). 3 The agreement prohibits any participation by anyone involved in violence or instigations during the August 2019 confrontations. These include Interior Minister Ahmad Al Massiri and Transport Minister Salah Al Jabawani, who cannot assume portfolios in the new government. The same goes for Shabwa Governor Mohammed Saleh Bin Adyu and military leaders such as General Abdullah Al Subeihi and Colonel Mahran Al Qabati, both commanders of the presidential brigades.
Brigadiers Fadl Hassan and Fadl Baesh are released because they did not participate in the fighting and sympathize with the STC: the former commands the fourth military region and the latter is responsible for special forces in Aden and Abyan governorates. On the STC side, the commander of Shabwa`s elite forces Major Muhammad Salem Al Bouher, the vice chairman of the STC steering committee Hani Bin Bureik and the head of the StC`s National Assembly, Brigadier Ahmad Said Bin Bureik. 4 “STC Takes Control Of Aden, Expands East: Ramifications And Scenarios”, Situation Assessment, Al Jazeera Institute for Studies, 05/09/2019 (called for bit.ly/2JYGjX7 21.10.2019). 5 ACRPS, “Aden Conflict: Implications of the pro-Hadi Forces` Defeat in the Capital, Situation Assessment, 19 August 2019 (called for bit.ly/2NonMpp 27.10.2019). 6 terrorist attacks, attacks and targeted energy transports are tactics known for four years in Aden, Hadhramawt and Shabwa, in which dozens of preachers, imams and other opponents of the Emirati presence died. Several incidents were recorded prior to the signing of the agreement, including an IED attack on the anti-Emirati governor`s house in Ataq,Shabwa governorate. 7 Aziz Al Yaqoubi, “Saudi Takes Control Of Aden To End Yemen Allies Conflict,” Reuters, 14/10/2019 (called on 10/27/2019 at bit.ly/36JK5xh). . . .