Torkamanchay Agreement

Abstract: Treaty of Torkamanchai (also Turkmenchay) of 1828, agreements signed by Russia and Persia in the village of Turkmanchai (Torkaman), Eastern Azarbaijan province, NW Iran. It ended the Russo-Persian war, which had begun in 1825, and forced Persia to cede part of Persian Armenia to Russia and grant extraterritorial rights. The Treaty of Turkmenchay (“Persian ترکمنچای”) was an agreement between Gaddafi`s Iran and the Russian Empire that ended the Russo-Persian War (1826-28). Signed on February 2, 1828 in Torkamanchay, Iran. The treaty gave Persia control of several territories from the South Caucasus to Russia: the Erivan Khanat, the Nakhchivan Khanat and the rest of the Talysch Khanate. The border between Russia and Persia was fixed on the Aras River. The territories are now Armenia, the south of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Nakhchivan and the province of I`dr (now part of Turkey). His Majesty, the Russian Emperor and His Majesty the King of Iran, have accepted eternal peace, friendship and full harmony among themselves, their heirs to the throne, their states and their citizens. Just a year ago, we witnessed the signing of the Treaty of caspian, which, despite the noises and demands of the Iranian media, never revealed the true part of Iran in this famous agreement.

The details of the points agreed in the Treaties of Golestan and Torkamanchay were clear and public. Details of the Caspian Convention and the 25-year agreement with China should be published to assess and evaluate the country`s policy on protecting Iran`s sovereignty and protecting its national interests. Today, during his final year of presidency and under pressure from Khamenéi, Rohani will yield to the signing of another shameful agreement, under which Iranian oil, gas and resources in the Gulf will be handed over to the Chinese for a quarter of a century. It is very regrettable that Iranian history was always written to the delight of the leaders of the time. None of the agreed supreme parties requires the delivery of deserters or traitors who passed to the opposite place before and during the subsequent war. In order to avoid the negative consequences of the ill-intentioned relations between these refugees and their compatriots or those who run them, the Iranian government is now and in the future committed to banning the installation, listed by the Russian government, of persons listed by the Russian government in its territories between the Araz and Sharia rivers, Lake Urmiya and the fall of the Jakatu and Gizuzi le. rivers. The majesty of the Russian emperor promises to prevent the settlement of Iranian refugees in the Karabakh and Nakhchivan Khanaten regions, as well as in the part of Iravan Khanatam, on the right bank of the Araz.

But it is obvious that this term also applies to those who have an official rank or any dignity: Khan, Bey, religious superiors or mullahs who, with a personal example, advice and secret relations, can have a negative influence on former compatriots or their subordinates. With regard to the population of the two states, the agreed supreme parties have decided that citizens of both countries who have been transferred or are transferred from one region to another will be able to settle anywhere with the government`s permission.