Which Agreement Gave the Legislature Two Houses
10. Decided that provision should be made for the admission of States which are legally born within the borders of the United States, whether from a voluntary link between the Government and the Territory in another way, with the consent of a certain number of votes in the national legislature less than the whole. 4. Decided that the members of the first branch of the national legislature should be elected by the peoples of the different States of each ____ for the term of __; be at least at the age of ___ to receive Liberal scholarships with which they can be paid for the dedication of their time to the public service; not be eligible for an office established by a particular State or under the authority of the United States during the period of service and for the space of ___ after the expiry of the office, with the exception of those which are specifically part of the functions of the first branch; not to be able to be re-elected to the room ___ at the end of their period of service and to be able to be recalled. On the 14th. In June, when the Convention was ready to consider the virginia plan report, William Paterson of New Jersey requested an adjournment to give some delegations more time to develop an alternative plan. The motion was accepted, and the next day Paterson introduced nine resolutions containing the necessary amendments to the articles of confederation, which were followed by a lively debate. On June 19, delegates rejected New Jersey`s plan and voted to continue discussion on the Virginia plan. Small States have become increasingly dissatisfied and some have threatened to withdraw. On July 2, the Convention was deadlocked because it gave each state an equal vote in the upper house, with five states affirmative, five negative and one divided. In the weeks leading up to July 16, 1787, the authors had made several important decisions concerning the structure of the Senate. They rejected a proposal for the House of Representatives to elect senators from lists submitted by individual state legislators and agreed that those lawmakers should elect their own senators. The principle of protecting small states through equal representation in the Senate is transferred to the Electoral College, which elects the president, since the number of electoral votes allocated to each state is based on the combined number of representatives of a state in the House of Representatives and the Senate.
9. Decided to establish a national judiciary composed of one or more supreme courts and subordinate courts chosen by the national legislator to exercise their functions in the field of good governance; and to receive a fixed remuneration for their services on time at certain times, during which no increase or decrease may be made in order to affect the persons actually in office at the time of the increase or decrease. whereas the jurisdiction of the lower courts is to hear and decide at first instance, and of the Supreme Court, in the Last Resort, to hear and decide on all piracy and crimes on the high seas, captures of an enemy; cases in which aliens or citizens of other States applying to those courts may be interested or which respect the collection of national revenues; The dismissal of national officers and issues likely to affect national peace and harmony. The Connecticut Compromise (also known as the Great Compromise of 1787 or Sherman Compromise) was an agreement reached by the large and small states at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, which partially established the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States Constitution. It retained the bicameral legislature, as proposed by Roger Sherman, as well as proportional representation of states in the lower house or house of representatives, but required that the upper house or Senate be weighted equally between states. Each state would have two representatives in the House of Lords. Exactly 200 years earlier, the framers of the U.S. Constitution, who met at Independence Hall, had reached an extremely important agreement. Their so-called Grand Compromise (or Connecticut Compromise in honor of its architects, Connecticut delegates Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth) offered a dual system of representation in Congress. In the House of Representatives, each state would be allocated a number of seats relative to its population.
In the Senate, all states would have the same number of seats. Today, we take this regulation for granted; in the heat and wilted summer of 1787, it was a new idea. The matter was referred to a committee composed of one delegate from each State to reach a compromise. On 5 July, the Committee presented its report, which became the basis for the “Grand Compromise” of the Convention. The report recommended that in the Upper House, each state should have the same vote, and in the House of Commons, each state should have one representative for every 40,000 inhabitants, count slaves as three-fifths of a resident, and that banknotes come from the House of Commons (subject to change by the Upper House). The question of representation, however, threatened to destroy the seven-week-old convention. Delegates from major states believed that because their states contributed proportionately more to the nation`s financial and defensive resources, they should be proportionally more represented in the Senate and House of Representatives. Delegates from small States demanded with comparable intensity that all States be equally represented in both chambers. When Sherman proposed the compromise, Benjamin Franklin agreed that all states should have an equal voice in the Senate on all matters except money. When delegates to the Federal Constitutional Convention became frustrated and angry over the controversial issue of proportional representation in the new national legislature, Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) urged “a lot of composure and temperament.” James Wilson (1742-1798) of Pennsylvania, who read Franklin`s speech, told the delegates, “We are sent here to consult, not to argue.” As dean delegated to the convention, Franklin acted on several occasions to restore harmony and good humor in the negotiations.